Ἔρχεται οὖν εἰς πόλιν τῆς Σαμαρείας (John 4:5)

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Title:  So He Came to the Town of Samaria

The text is, “Ἔρχεται οὖν εἰς πόλιν τῆς Σαμαρείας λεγομένην Συχὰρ πλησίον τοῦ χωρίου ὃ ἔδωκεν Ἰακὼβ [τῷ] Ἰωσὴφ τῷ υἱῷ αὐτοῦ”.

“Ἔρχεται”:  third person, singular, present, middle, indicative verb meaning “he came”.

“οὖν”:  inferential coordinating conjunction meaning “so”.

“εἰς”:  preposition taking the accusative for its object word and meaning “into”.

“πόλιν”:  feminine, singular, accusative noun meaning “town” or “city”.

“τῆς”:  feminine, singular, genitive article meaning “of the” but only “of” is rendered into English here.

“Σαμαρείας”:  feminine, singular, genitive, proper noun meaning “Samaria”.

“λεγομένην”:  present, passive, participial, feminine, singular, accusative verb meaning “being called”.

“Συχὰρ”:  feminine, singular, accusative, proper noun meaning “Sychar”.

“πλησίον”:  improper preposition taking the genitive for its object word and meaning “near”.

“τοῦ”:  neuter, singular, genitive article meaning “the”.

“χωρίου”:  neuter, singular, genitive article meaning “field”.

“ὃ”:  neuter, singular, accusative, definite, relative pronoun meaning “which” or “that”.

“ἔδωκεν”:  third person, singular, aorist, active, indicative verb meaning “was given”.

“Ἰακὼβ”:  masculine, singular, nominative, proper noun meaning “Jacob”.

“[τῷ]”:  masculine, singular, dative article meaning “the” but it is not rendered into English here.

“Ἰωσὴφ”:  masculine, singular, dative, proper noun meaning “to Joseph”.

“τῷ”:  masculine, singular, dative article meaning “the” but it is not rendered into English here.

“υἱῷ”:  masculine, singular, dative noun meaning “son”.

“αὐτοῦ”:  third person, personal, masculine, singular, genitive pronoun meaning “his son”,

The meaning of this verse is,

So he came into the town of Samaria being called Sychar near the field which was given by Jacob to his son Joseph.”

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CC BY 4.0 Ἔρχεται οὖν εἰς πόλιν τῆς Σαμαρείας (John 4:5) by Dennis Glover is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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