ἦσαν δὲ ἐκεῖ λίθιναι ὑδρίαι ἓξ (John 2:6)

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Title:  Now There were Six Stone Jars

The text is:

ἦσαν δὲ ἐκεῖ λίθιναι ὑδρίαι ἓξ κατὰ τὸν καθαρισμὸν τῶν Ἰουδαίων κείμεναι, χωροῦσαι ἀνὰ μετρητὰς δύο ἢ τρεῖς.

“ἦσαν”:  third person, plural, imperfect, indicative verb meaning “were”.

“δὲ”:   coordinating conjunction meaning “now”.

“ἐκεῖ”:  adverb of place meaning “there”.

“λίθιναι”:  feminine, plural, nominative adjective meaning “stone”.

“ὑδρίαι”:  feminine, plural, nominative noun meaning “jars”.

“ἓξ”:  feminine, plural, nominative, cardinal adjective meaning “six”.

“κατὰ”:  preposition taking the accusative for its object word and meaning “for” or “according to”.

“τὸν”:  masculine, singular, accusative article meaning “the”.

“καθαρισμὸν”:  masculine, singular, accusative noun meaning “purification” or “cleansing”.

“τῶν”:  masculine, plural, genitive article meaning “of the”.

“Ἰουδαίων”:  masculine, plural, genitive noun meaning “Jews”.

“κείμεναι”:  present, middle, participial, feminine, plural, nominative noun meaning “having been laid down”.

“χωροῦσαι”:  present, active, participial, feminine, plural, nominative verb meaning “holding”.

“ἀνὰ”:  preposition taking the accusative for its object word and meaning “each”, though this is not a preposition but an adverb; as a preposition its meaning could be “on”, “upon”, or “up”.

“μετρητὰς”:  masculine, plural, accusative noun meaning “measures” (here typically rendered as “gallons” or something similar.

“δύο”:  masculine, plural, accusative, cardinal adjective meaning “two”, but here typically rendered as “twenty”.

“ἢ”:  particle meaning “or”.

“τρεῖς”:  masculine, plural, accusative, cardinal adjective meaning “three”, but here typically rendered as “thirty”.

The translation of this verse is, “Now there were six stone jars according to the purification of the Jews, having been laid down holding two or three measures.”

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CC BY 4.0 ἦσαν δὲ ἐκεῖ λίθιναι ὑδρίαι ἓξ (John 2:6) by Dennis Glover is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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