Λέγει αὐτῷ [ἡ γυνή]· κύριε (John 4:11)

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Title:  The Woman Said to Him, “Lord”

The text is, “Λέγει αὐτῷ [ἡ γυνή]· κύριε, οὔτε ἄντλημα ἔχεις καὶ τὸ φρέαρ ἐστὶν βαθύ· πόθεν οὖν ἔχεις τὸ ὕδωρ τὸ ζῶν”.

“Λέγει”:  third person, singular, present, active, indicative verb meaning “says”.

“αὐτῷ”:  third person, personal, masculine, singular, dative verb meaning “to him”.

“ἡ”:  feminine, singular, nominative article meaning “the”.

“γυνή”:  feminine, singular, nominative noun meaning “woman’.

“κύριε”:  masculine, singular, vocative noun meaning “Lord” or “Sir”.

“οὔτε”:  disjunctive coordinating conjunction meaning “not even”.

“ἄντλημα”:  neuter, singular, accusative noun meaning “a bucket” or “a vessel”.

“ἔχεις”:  third person, singular, present, active, indicative verb meaning “you have”.

“καὶ”:  coordinating conjunction meaning “and”.

“τὸ”:  neuter, singular, nominative article meaning “the”.

“φρέαρ”:  neuter, singular, nominative noun meaning “well”.

“ἐστὶν”:  third person, singular, present, indicative verb meaning “is”.

“βαθύ”:  neuter, singular, nominative adjective meaning “deep”.

“πόθεν”:  interrogative particle meaning “from where”.

“οὖν”:  inferential coordinating conjunction meaning “thus” or “therefore”.

“ἔχεις”:  second person, present, active, indicative verb meaning “you do get”.

“τὸ”:  neuter, singular, accusative article meaning “the”.

“ὕδωρ”:  neuter, singular, accusative noun meaning “water”.

“τὸ”:  neuter, singular, accusative article meaning “the” but it is not rendered into the English here.

“ζῶν”:  present, active, participial, neuter, singular, accusative verb meaning “living”.

The meaning of this verse is,

The woman says to him, “Sir, not even a bucket do you have, and the well is deep.  Thus, from where do  you get the living water?”

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CC BY 4.0 Λέγει αὐτῷ [ἡ γυνή]· κύριε (John 4:11) by Dennis Glover is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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