ἔδωκεν αὐτοῖς ἐξουσίαν τέκνα θεοῦ γενέσθαι (John 1:12.b)

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“ἔδωκεν” is a third person, singular, aorist, active, indicative verb meaning “gave”.  The implied subject is “he”.

“αὐτοῖς”is a third person, plural, masculine, dative article meaning “to them”.

“ἐξουσίαν” is a feminine, singular, accusative noun meaning “authority”, “ability”, “privilege”, or “power”.

“τέκνα” is a neuter, plural, accusative noun meaning “children”.

“θεοῦ”is a masculine, singular, genitive noun meaning “God’s” or “of God”.

“γενέσθαι” is an aorist, middle voice, infinitive verb meaning “to become”.

The sense of the clause is “he gave to them authority to become children of God.”

 

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CC BY 4.0 ἔδωκεν αὐτοῖς ἐξουσίαν τέκνα θεοῦ γενέσθαι (John 1:12.b) by Dennis Glover is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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