ἐν αὐτῷ ζωὴ ἦν (John 1:4.a)

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“ἐν” is a preposition taking the dative case for its object, and meaning “in”.

“αὐτῷ” is a third person, personal pronoun, masculine, singular, dative case, meaning “him”.

“ζωὴ” is a feminine singular nominative case noun, making it the subject of this sentence, and meaning “life” or “living existence”.

“ἦν” is a third person singular indicative very, meaning “was” (but also, since it is perfect tense, meaning “was and still is”).

The sense of the clause is “in him was and still is (forever will be) living existence.”

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CC BY 4.0 ἐν αὐτῷ ζωὴ ἦν (John 1:4.a) by Dennis Glover is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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