οὐκ ἦν ἐκεῖνος τὸ φῶς (John 1:8.a)

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“οὐκ” is a negative particle, meaning “not”.

“ἦν” is a third person, singular, imperfect, indicative verb, whose effect has begun in the past, but whose effects are not completed, meaning “was”.

“ἐκεῖνος” is a demonstrative pronoun, masculine singular, nominative, making it the subject of this clause, meaning “that one” or, simply, “he”.

“τὸ” is a neuter, singular, nominative article, meaning “the”.

“φῶς” is a neuter, singular, nominative noun, meaning “light”.

The sense of the clause is “He was not the light,” or “That one was not the light.”

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CC BY 4.0 οὐκ ἦν ἐκεῖνος τὸ φῶς (John 1:8.a) by Dennis Glover is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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