καὶ ὁ κόσμος δι’ αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο (John 1:10.b)

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“καὶ” is a coordinating conjunction connecting two equally important clauses, meaning “and”.

“ὁ” is a masculine, singular, nominative article, meaning “the”.

“κόσμος” is a masculine, singular, nominative noun, the subject of the clause, meaning “world”.

“δι’” is a preposition taking the genitive case for its object, meaning, “through”.

“αὐτοῦ” is a third person, personal, masculine, singular, genitive pronoun meaning “him”.

“ἐγένετο” is a third person, singular, aorist, middle indicative verb meaning “was made”; since the verb is aorist, the action was completed in the past.

The sense of the clause is “and the world through him was made.”

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CC BY 4.0 καὶ ὁ κόσμος δι’ αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο (John 1:10.b) by Dennis Glover is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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