καὶ ἡ σκοτία αὐτὸ οὐ κατέλαβεν (John 1:5.b)

The estimated reading time for this post is 37 seconds

“καὶ” is a coordinating conjunction, meaning “and”; its function is to make equivalent the two coordinate clauses in the sentence.

“ἡ” is a feminine, singular, nominative article, meaning “the”.

“σκοτία” is a feminine, singular, dative noun, meaning “darkness” or “spiritual darkness”.

“αὐτὸ” is a third person, personal, singular, neuter, accusative pronoun, meaning “it”.  This is the direct object of the sentence; therefore it takes the force of the verb coming later.

“οὐ” is a negative particle, meaning “not”.

“κατέλαβεν” is a third person, singular, perfect, active, indicative verb.  The “perfect” tense, or aspect, conveys that the action of the verb is completed, but not terminated.  Its meaning is “has overcome”.

The sense of the clause is “and the darkness has not (and will not) overcome it (the light).”

 

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

CC BY 4.0 καὶ ἡ σκοτία αὐτὸ οὐ κατέλαβεν (John 1:5.b) by Dennis Glover is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Post Navigation