καὶ τὸ φῶς ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ φαίνει (John 1:5.a)

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“καὶ” is a coordinating conjunction, meaning “and”.

“τὸ” is a neuter, singular, nominative article, meaning “the”.

“φῶς” is a neuter, singular, nominative noun, meaning “light”.

“ἐν” is a preposition taking the dative case in its object, meaning “in”.

“τῇ” is a feminine, singular, dative article, meaning “the”.

“σκοτίᾳ” is a feminine, singular, dative, noun, meaning “darkness”, and in a spiritual or moral context might indicate “spiritual darkness”.

“φαίνει” is a third person, singular, present, active indicative verb, meaning “shines.”

The sense of this clause is “and the light in darkness shines”.

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CC BY 4.0 καὶ τὸ φῶς ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ φαίνει (John 1:5.a) by Dennis Glover is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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